Temporary Migration and STD/HIV Risky Sexual Behavior: A Population-Based Analysis of Gender Differences in China
Xiushi Yang, Old Dominion University
Guomei Xia, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences
Using data from a probability survey and applying multilevel modeling, this paper examines gender differences in (1) the link between migration and risky sexual behavior and (2) individual and community correlates of risky sexual behavior. Results suggest significant interaction between gender and migration. Being temporary migrant is associated with significantly more risky sexual behaviors for females but significantly fewer for males. There are also significant interactions between gender and marriage and living arrangement. Being married and living with others both appear to be more powerful deterrents to risky sexual behaviors for females than for males. Single migrant women who live alone would have the most risky sexual behaviors while married non-migrant women who live with others would have the least. Prevention programs are urgently needed for female temporary migrants and must address the issue of gender.