The Transition from School-to-Work In Russia during and after Socialism: Change or Continuity?
Christoph Buehler, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Dirk Konietzka, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
The paper analyzes the influence of institutional change on the transition from school-to-work in Russia. It compares the process of entering working life during socialism (1975-1991) and the transition period (1992-2005) by utilizing information from 6,455 males and females of the “Education and Employment Survey for Russia”. The results document influences both of change and of continuity. The introduction of labor markets and a mismatch between qualifications acquired at school and demanded by employers led to increasing risks of unemployment after education and first jobs at the lower levels of the occupational hierarchy. However, as the general character of the educational system and the internal structures of many firms did not change, traditional paths of mobility from educational degrees to particular occupational positions continued to exist. Thus, the transition from school-to-work in Russia did not experience an abrupt change but a gradually adjustment to the new economic order.